The article for today is about white box testing.I had written article about white box testing in this blog but that time it was only introduction of white box testing.This article concern with how to do white box testing.
The procedure of White box testing is normally saparated into 3 topic as follow
It is the testing to verify that all instructions or code must be executed at least one time.We can specify one or more than one test case for doing statement coverage testing (there may be a chance that one test case is not cover all the code we need to test).Below is an example demonstate how to do statement coverage testing.
Suppose you have a piece of code to test like this
If you determin ‘C’ as the test case then the coverage reach 100% (pass through all line of code) and only one test case is sufficient for doing Statement Coverage for this code.
Advantage of Statement Coverage.
1.To ensure that all source code can be reached at least for one time.
2.It is suitable for making Performance profiling because it can be applied directly to object code without processing source code.
Disadvantage of Statement Coverage.
1.It is insensitive to logical operators such as OR (||),AND (&&) etc.
2.If your source code have a lot of IF-ELSEIF-ELSE statements or contain consecutive switch labels then the test case used for doing Statement Coverage will be increased respectively.
2. Branch Coverage (Condition judgment Coverage)
It is the testing to verify that all branches and instructions must be executed at least one time (Concentrate on testing to cover every branches or decision points in the code).It is the easiest way to perform testing of path or workflow of program.
Please consider the code below and its explanation to understand the operation of Branch Coverage testing.
In the above code we need only two test case to cover all the branches (also all instructions too), they are…
Test case #1 : Input n1 = 1 , n2 = 1
Test case #2 : Input n1 = 2 , n2 = 0
Advantage of Branch Coverage.
1.To validate all branches in the code can be reached and ensure that no branches lead to abnormal of the program’s operation.
2.It eliminate problems that occur with Statement Coverage testing.
Disadvantage of Branch Coverage.
1.There may be other condition that can be used for decision making.For the example, statement “if((b == TRUE) || functionA())”, in this statement we can define only test case with “B = TRUE” and this test case is cover this branch but functionA() isn’t tested.
3.Condition Coverage/Multiple Condition Coverage
It is the testing to verify that all condition expression within each branch will be tested (the true and the false condition of each sub-expression within the decision branch must be tested at least one time ).
It is more intensive testing than Branch Coverage and Statement Coverage.Multiple Condition Coverage has detail of testing more than Condition Coverage.Its test cases are larger than test case of Condition
Coverage because it ensures that all possible combination of conditions of sub-expression within each branch must be tested.
Please consider the code below for Condition Coverage testing.
If you want to test above code by using Condition Coverage you must specify two test
cases to cover all sub-expressions in this branch.The test cases are as follow…
Test case #1: Input n1 = 60 , n2 = 70
Test case #2: Input n1 = 40 , n2 = 110
If you want to test above code with Multiple Condition Coverage you must specify four
test cases to cover all combination of possible condition of sub-expressions in this branch and the test cases look like these
Test case #1: Input n1 = 60 , n2 = 70
Test case #2: Input n1 = 60 , n2 = 110
Test case #3: Input n1 = 40 , n2 = 70
Test case #4: Input n1 = 40 , n2 = 110
Advantage of Condition/Multiple Condition coverage.
1.It is very thorough testing and the bugs are normally found by this kind of testing.
1.If the decision branch contain lots of sub-expressions or has very complex boolean expressions , the tester will have to define a large number of test cases.
Today I decide to stop writing the technical article and start writing other topic apart from technical topic.
I think it will make my blog lively and not so serious.The story for today is about the websites you should visit, they are…
Drop.io is website that provide the service of file sharing and real-time
presentation.With this service you can upload your files to drop.io and let other
people to download , comment or upload other files to your account.Otherwise
you can react to the person who are looking to your files in real-time via chat,
email or telephone.
The advantage of Drop.io is the combination of SocialNetwork website with
file-storing website.This feature make Drop.io the complete people-to-people
association website that not only can comment on the profile of each person
but also can upload or download the information of other person too.Visit it here.
Rememberthemilk is the website that help you arrange your task or
your to-do-list. Maybe it work similar to organizer but it have an advantage in that
it can remind you via msn,google talk,email,ICQ,Skype,Yahoo or send the SMS
to your mobile phone, so you won’t miss your task no matter where you are.
You can find more about it here.
The story for today is about software that help you design UML diagram. How to choose UML tool is base upon the following choice..
-If you use the tool for draw UML Diagram I suggest the follow software
1. MS Visio
The above-mention software is not for free but however some software have community edition so you can use it for free.
– If you want to use UML tool for developing the complete software project I suggest you try Rational Rose Enterprise,Borland JBuilder Enterprise,Rational XDE or the other specific software that can generate the source code from UML Model such as iLogix,CodaGen,iUML etc.
– If you want to use OpenSource UML Tools, please try…
3.GIME (on Linux)
Or visit this link
Now I will introduce popular UML tools, they are MagicDraw and Visual Paradigm.
Visual Paradigm for UML
- This software was design for varied customers such as Software Engineer, System Analysis,Business Analysis and System Architects.
- Support the latest standards of Java and UML notations.
- Can create the report Documentation in PDF or HTML format.
- It also can export the diagram to different image format (JPG,PNG,SVG etc.)
- Support sequence diagram creation from “Flow of Event” and Collaboration creation from “sequence diagram”.
- GUI (graphical user interface) of this software is easy to understand.
- Support all type of UML Diagrams.
- Visual Paradigm has a features of round-trip engineering for JAVA (Can do code generation from diagram and reverse the source code into diagram).
For more information about Visual paradigm please visit here
- Support XMI for UML 2.0
- Support various kind of diagram such as Composite structure diagram , Use Case diagram , Sequence
diagram , Activity diagram , State diagram , Communication diagram ,Implementation diagram and including Component and Deployment diagrams
- Have a step by step guide, (I think this feature make it easy to use).It also has a help api that explain the command thoroughly.
- Can do the reverse engineering (Reverse from the source code back to the Sequence Diagram).This software support round-trip engineering (same as Visual Paradigm).
- It can export project file to many type of file such as GIF, JPG, PNG, PS, EPS, SVG
- Support code in many languages such as JAVA (JAVA 5.0) , C++ (& ANSI C) , C# , .net , COBRA IDL
- It has a security system and also integrate version control (CVS) into its Development Environment
Disadvantage of MagicDraw
– Use high amount of system resource (RAM, Harddisk)
– Hard to use for the person who new to UML design because its has many tools that have many details.
It is not suitable for design a small job. If you want to design a small job I suggest you use MS VISIO instead.
– It is not a Freeware, you must pay for the Full Version.For view the price please look for it here.
CASE tool (Computer-Aided Software Engineering)
CASE tool is the software that support system development or facilitate in system development.It
has an ability in building various kinds of document during analysis and design the system.For the example such as building the UML diagram,the screen interface (Graphical User Interface),form and report etc…
Furthermore some CASE tool can automatically generate source code too.In system maintenance can use CASE tool to make the operation smoothly,quickly and correctly.CASE tool also help you to decrease the time in document improvement or source code improvement.So at the present time CASE tools have an important role in system development and system maintenance.
Formerly CASE tool was separated into two groups as follow…
1.Upper CASE tool is the software that used in the step of analysis and design the system.This CASE tool make various diagram such as DFD (Data flow diagram) . DFD is used for design the component of the system such as the input of system , the mechanism of system , the result of the system etc.Other diagrams such as ER diagram (Entity-relationship diagram),layout (the screen that used for bring the data into the system or screen of the report). The example of CASE tool in this group are ERwin and Visual UML.
2.Lower CASE tool is the software that can build the source code or program automatically from condition or determinate procedure such as we can write the program for manage the vacation of our employee from the specific workflow or we can write the database structure command by select from the menu.The example of CASE tool in the group are Ecore Diagram Editor and dzine.
3.Integrated CASE tool is software that fulfill the usability from system analysis,system design to the system implementation (writing the source code) and system testing.It is the software that combine Upper CASE tool and Lower CASE tool into one software.The example of CASE tool in this group is Rational Rose from IBM.
The story of CASE tool is not finish by this article.In the next article I will write about the review of CASE tools that are well-known nowadays such as MagicDraw, Visual Paradigm,Poseidon UML and the suggestion about Commercial CASE tools and Open Source CASE tools software list.
White Box testing
Another name of White box testing is Glass-Box testing or Structural Testing.
It is the test in the system.The tester have to specify the test case that will be used
for test the system.They must have an ability in programming and well understand in
software testing theory.Their task it to assign the test case to every line, every
statement or every path of the program being tested. You can compare white box
testing with the measurement of electronics circuit (In measurement of electronics
circuit,you have to measure the electric current and voltage in every node existing
in your circuit).
White box testing can be applied for testing in Unit testing,Integration testing
or System testing but in commonly the tester apply White box testing in Unit testing phase
of software development.
The advantage of White box testing.
1.The process of White box testing can increase te quality of source code and can make
the pieces of source code work more efficiency because it is the testing in the system
(In the function and in every branches of the code)
2.In White box testing we can look for an error by give an input to the system and monitor
the output from the system.Otherwise it also can look for the internal error that existing
in the mentioned system too.
The disadvantage of White box testing.
1.This kind of testing require high skill in software coding to assure the high-quality of
Black Box testing.
Another name of Black-Box testing is Functional Testing.It is the testing
that disregard internal mechanism of the system (don’t test the internal component
of the system such as source code or function).This testing method is focus on the
output that come out from the system after we sent the input to it (Output that
come out after the system responded to the input data).
In Black-Box Testing, the tester will not look for the code to test, so the code
is considered to be “Black Box” that we can’t see the content inside the box.The
tester know only they must send the input to the “Black Box” and then it will release
the output to the tester.
The tester usually use the requirement specification document (Requirement
Knowledge) to build the test case, so they know what is the outcome that the system
will send after they send the corresponding input to it.
Now I can summarize the black box testing as follow…
– It is the testing that disregard the source code or command
in the program.
– It is testing of function of system base on the requirement documents.
– The tester must assume for output that will come out from the system
after sending the various input pattern to the system (The output must match up with
Now I can summarize White Box Testing as follow…
-It is the testing that examine the structure or the work-flow of the program .
-The tester must build the specific test case used for testing in each specific condition.
-The test case must contain the case that can be executed normally and abnormally.
-Try to execute every statement in the function at least 1 time.
In the next article I will write about Test first method (Software testing part III).
You can see more information about Black box and White box testing at these websites below
1.Software Testing Fundamentals
2.Testing and Code Coverage
Reference site: lenovoblogs
There are no commercial software released to the market without testing.
Testing is an important process in software development.The big or
well-known software company place importance on software testing equal to
At present there are many type of software testing method but I summarize the
widely used testing method as following…
Unit test is the testing functional
(Or testing in detail of each function in the system) to ensure
that each individual function in the system can work well.
Unit testing is very important in software development because
it is the method for finding the functional problems (It can decrease
the time in finding bugs in the posterior process).
Integration test is the testing that take each unit to
combine altogether and then test the coherence between each unit to
ensure that the communication between each unit in the system can
be done correctly.
System test is the testing of the whole system to ensure that
the totally work-flow of the system is correct.It is also
an important test that have to do in software development process
(Normally system test is done as the last test of all
Acceptance test is the testing of customer or user who will
use the developed software.It is the test for satisfaction of the
user or customer.This testing is done after System test.
The important testing that you must emphasize on them are
Unit testing and Integration testing because many defect or bugs
can be found by these two testing method.
Testing is not necessary to be done by tester but developer
can also do the testing.Normally the Unit testing is done by
developer because the majority of this testing use the test case
that depend on the implementation, so nobody can do this testing
better than developer.However the real tester have a responsibility
for doing the Integration test and System test because…
– These two kinds of testing must do in long time.
– To prevent the bias if the developer is also the tester at the
same time.(The developer who write the code maybe
rather sure that the code they wrote is correct and will
ignore some minor part of code that have to test)
– The real tester has more time to design the test document
and test case. He/She must know clearly in the target system
that will be tested,so He/She can do the testing better than
This is part I of software testing story.In the next part (part II)
I will write about black box and white box testing,test first method and
how to design the test plan.
Thank you very much,
Mind Map is the map of ideas. It is used for represent the word or the ideas of
the human that spread out from the center .To imply by using text and the picture
to look alike the ramification of the tree. This theory is getting from the brain of the human.
Mind Map was built to be the source or the beginning point of developing the project
or doing the tasks.
Mind Map can simplify everything especially the complicate one such as.
– Make from the abstraction to be concrete object.
– It help in learning everything.
– It can be used for solving the problems in daily life.
– It is used in decision-making in case that there are alternative ways to solve the problem.
You can use mind map to apply to many tasks such as…
– Brain storming
– Project planning
– Use for summarize the meeting(Meeting minutes)
– To analyze the strategy of our company.(Strategic thinking, SWOT Analysis)
– To specify the strategy of marketing (Marketing Plans)
– Use for Teaching
– Use when you want to describe something or teach someone(Training)
– To control the new product development(Product Development)
– To gather the data,the knowledge and the ideas(Capture tacit knowledge)
and much more…
Mind Mapping Software
Nowadays there are many software that use for build the mind map.
The mind mapping software in the world today can be separated into
two groups as follow…
-Commercial Mind Mapping Software is the software that was built by
private company for the purpose of business or commercial only. You have
to pay for this software.
-Open Source Mind Mapping Software is free Mind Mapping software.
You don’t have to pay for these software.It is open source so may be
you can download the software together with its source code.
Commercial software list
MindManager is commercial software.You can download it for free trial
from Mindjet here.It is easy to use software that combine many
tools necessary for build Mind map.This software can link with Microsoft
Office such as MS Word,MS PowerPoint,MS Outlook, MS project, etc.
It also can export your Mind map into image file (support various type of image file),
PDF file,”.doc” file and “.html” file.It can use under Windows and MAC OS X.
ConceptDraw is software that can design Mind map,Brainstorming,Project Planing.You can download
the free trial for 30 days from here.
NovaMind is the popular Mind map building software.You can download the trial
Open source or free Mind mapping software.
FreeMind is a good open source Mind mapping software.It was written in JAVA.
It is licenced under GPL (General Public License) so you can download it for free
without paying for it.With FreeMind you can download the source code for modify
some features but you must licence it under GPL only.Look for it at here.
CUMindMap is the free software for build Mind map.It was developed by
Faculty of Computer engineering , Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.
It also support both Thai and English language.It can run only on Windows.
I had ever used it and I think it is easy to use.
You can download it for free at here.
WikkaWiki is a flexible, standards-compliant and lightweight wiki engine written in PHP, which uses MySQL to store pages. Forked from WakkaWiki. Designed for speed, extensibility, and security. Released under the GPL license.Click here to look for it.
Another software in this group is as follow…
The below is some pictures of Mind map
Reference site : www.arnut.com
V-model is software development model.It is improve from the waterfall model. V-model is normally used for manage the software development project in the large company (Japaneses company).
V-model is also called verification and validation model (V&V). It has a very intensive testing in order to eliminate the bug/error that may be occur during each stage of development project using V-model.
You can see the picture of V-model as below…
*The picture above is come from here http://tensai-lab.engr.tu.ac.th/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/slide03a-sw-eng.swf
For the detail what is each stage in the V-model do, I suggest you find the information on these sites.
Advantage of V-model.
- The defect or bug can be found in the early stage.
- It is trustworthy software development model that used widely in the big company.
- V-model can be done parallel in each side of “V” (Left and right side),
that mean the testing (Right side) is acting like planning (Left side). The tester must design the test case and the testing team is joined early in the project development life cycle ,so they will receive a good
understanding of the project at the very beginning .
Disadvantage of V-model.
- Use a lot of money and resource to implement the complete V-model
- Suitable for the large project which have to do for long term (not suitable of short term project because it need to review at each stage).
- Test is important , by ignore any one of test phase may affect the quality of product.
- No prototype software can be made because the software is developed in
the implementation phase.
- It is rigid and least flexible (if something happen or change in during the middle stage of V model,
the requirement document and the test document is also need to update)
The story for today is about Subversion program and other program that can use with subversion.
I normally separate the subversion program into two groups as follow.
1. Command line subversion program is the subversion program that must use only the command to manage all operation of subversion (such as you must type the command in the “command prompt” of Windows XP) Subversion program in command line interface have many binary files used for manage the subversion system altogether such as “svn.exe”,”svnadmin.exe”,”sveserve.exe”,”svnlook.exe”.The advantage of this subversion series is that it is able to used in many operating system.You can look for the OS
that can be use the subversion in command line style at http://subversion.tigris.org/getting.html#windows.
Another advantage is that it provide the subversion server program (subversion is managed as the
client-server model, so it must set the subversion server first) used for make the subversion server service
that other clients can be connect to.The only disadvantage of this subversion series is that it is difficult
to manage because it is only the command , you must type the command to manage it!! and you also
must read the a lot of the instructions of the command too.The well-known program for this series of
subversion is come from CollabNet at here –> http://www.collab.net/downloads/subversion/
2.Graphical user interface subversion program is the subversion program used only as the subversion client software.
This series of subversion program must used as the integrator with other software or OS.The well-known subversion program in this series is TortoiseSVN (for integrate with windows explorer), Subclipse and Subversive (for integrate with Eclipse IDE),AnkhSVN and VisualSVN (for integrate with Visual Studio), RapidSVN (Cross-platform) etc…
The main advantage of GUI subversion is the ease of use because you don’t have to write the command to control the subversion system , just only use mouse to click at the command you want at the GUI subversion program.However before you can use the GUI Subversion program to control your subversion you must set subversion server service by using Apache subversion module or using the subversion server program that usually come with the subversion command line program.
For the subversion client software for windows I recommend to use TortoiseSVN because it is easy to use,popular and the software is cover all the necessary operation for manage the subversion system.If you use the eclipse IDE as your development environment I suggest to use Subclipse because of the ease of use and it capability is similar to TortoiseSVN.
If the subversion programs I show you in the above is not enough.I also have other suggestion programs that can be use with the subversion client software to make it better and easy to monitor.They are…
– cvs2svn http://cvs2svn.tigris.org/-> The tool to convert the CVS to SVN.
– CommitMonitor http://tools.tortoisesvn.net/CommitMonitor-> Integrate with TortoiseSVN to look for the commit and the change that happen to the repository.
– WebSVN http://websvn.tigris.org/ -> The web interface for look at the status in subversion system.
– svnnotifier http://svnnotifier.tigris.org/ -> Look for the commit and change that happen to the repository.
– StatSVN http://sourceforge.net/projects/statsvn/-> Look for the statistic of the subversion.
– Bugzilla/SVN integration http://sean-janus.optionpc.com/me/software/bugtraq/ -> scripts to integrate Bugzilla with Subversion.
– Gurtle http://code.google.com/p/gurtle/ -> TortoiseSVN issue tracker plug-in.
For more information about subversion software , please take a look at http://subversion.tigris.org/links.html#clients
By jitkasem pintaya.
This article is the continue version of the last article (Agile Software development model I)
The technique for development using Agile is as follow.
-Agile model driven development (AMDD)
-Code Refactor : is the method to redesign code that is to modify the code immediately and then
the design is also change.
-Pair Programming : Combine the two developers to work together for the same project.
These two developers work at the same location and
also use the same computer.Share the computer in the way that one
person implement the code and another person has a responsibility for
checking the correction of implemented code.
-Test Driven Development(TDD) : is the technique for writing the test-case and write the test
case before implement the code.
The format(pattern) of Agile.
Agile methodology has many patterns that can be used for developing the system such as Scrum, FDD,
XP (extreme programming), DSDM, RUP, etc…But the popular pattern in my opinion is XP (extreme programming) because XP is the pattern that emphasize on the satisfaction of the customer and XP can change the system easily when the customer change the requirement.
Addition aspect for Agile.
– When we have the old project that can be used for additional development.It mean that
we have the asset that can be used as the base system for develop the new project,
so if the new project arrive then we can send the old project to the customer before sending
the new one.
– In the first step of developing new project,we can also deliver the things such as the screen,
the prototype,infrastructure to our customer without the software (because we have not written
the software yet)
– We also can think about Agile as the modifier of the former software development process such as
– Use Agile for rearrange the importance of the project development activity ,
which activity should be done and which should not be done.
– Use Agile to control the former project and look at some part of former project.The part that
is important for use with the development of new project should be done ,
the unimportant part will be ignored.
Agile is the new idea for software development
that try to scrape through the old methodology to shorten
the development process.
It is the principle of new software development methodology
that emphasize on the following topic.
– Rapid and flexible response to change
– speed up the development process
- don’t stop, do the development continuously despite
of the things that will affect the development process
- when there is a change, we can support this
alteration rapidly and flexible
The objective of Agile
1.Emphasize on the aptitude of each developer.Try
to commune with each other more than impress on the
tools and methodology.Such as the programmer have a chance
to talk with the customer and can do the project in agreement
with the customer’s requirement.
2.Do the project by concentrate on the result or final
software.The old methodology is concentrate on the document
but Agile is not,the purpose of Agile is that we have a
ready software to send to the customer on the definited time.
3.The main point of Agile is communication.Agile is not
prefer the contact but Agile is stress on the communication
between the customer and developer.
4.Accept the changefulness.The old methodology is must do
follow the plans (gantt chart) but Agile is not necessary to follow the plans.
But Agile must able to respond to the change.
The model of Agile is as follow.
– choose only some methodologies for developing project.
– the chosen methodolgy must be able to use the
priciple of Agile to manage the documents and the existing
– In Agile,It must consist of
– value (result)
The three things above are the part of Agile model that
can be use for develop the project efficiently and have
That’s all for this article but the story of Agile is not finish.
In my next articles I will write about technique of development using Agile and other
addition aspect for using Agile.
This article is about Software Process.
What is software process.
The software process is the process that applied to the developing
of software and accomplish the software development project.
The fundamental of software process can be devided into the 4 process
2.Software Design and Implementation
Software Specification is the method to defind the characteristic of software we
want to develop.
Software Design and Implementation is the method to build or develop
the software to agree with the Software Specification
Software Validation is the method to check for the accuracy of the
developed software or check the function of the software whether it
match the customer’s requirement.
Software Evolution is the method to improve the software.Make the software
flexible for the alteration of customer’s requirement or to make the software
ready for support the changing of technology.
What is Software Process Model?
Software Process Model is the model of software development
of the 4 topic I mentioned above. We can write a graph or picture that easy to
understand for represent the Software Process Model.Today there are
so many software process model such as Waterfall model,V-model,Agile,
Extreme programming, Lean, etc…
I will show you only the important Software Process
Model that normally used today.
Today i will write the story about software revision control.
Software revision control is an important part of software development.
When we have to develop the large software project that must use many person, software
revision control will take an important role for this situation. Revision control or SCM
(source code management) is the software that have an ability to track and record the
change that happen to software development project and it will do this all the time of
developing the softwar project.
Revision control can also be used with document too.
The principle of revision control system is mostly use Optimistic Technique that is
the method to let many user can reach (Check out) to the same source code.Each user
(I mean programmer) can edit the source code that thay had download and can upload
(Check in / Commit) back to the Revision Control System. SCM has a responsibility to
check for the conflict of the data.The conflict data such as the situation that two user
edit the same file and still edit for the same fuction or the same line.Furthermore the
SCM has an ability to show the difference between the file in each version and can be
used for merge the two files altogerher. In SCM we have to build the Resository as the
data bank to store the data for SCM to use. In present there are many SCM software
such as SVN (subversion), GIT, CVS, Bazaar,IBM ClearCase, Perforce. SCM software also
has both commercial and non-commercial.
In the next article I will write about the comparison of revision control software
and the popular revision control software that are SVN (subversion) and GIT.
Software engineering, known as SE, is the development, design, maintenance and documentation of software by applying practices and various technologies from fields such as computer science, engineering, application domains, project management, digital asset management and interface design.
The conception, development and verification of a software system is what software engineering is all about. It is necessary to identify, define, realize and verify the resultant software’s required characteristics. Necessary testing is required for attributes such as reliability, functionality, testability, maintainability, ease of use, availability and portability. In software engineering, software can be verified to meet these requirements by having design and technical specifications prepared and implemented correctly. The characteristics of the software development process are also important in software engineering. Development itself, development duration and risks in software development are examples of such characteristics.
A computer uses software as part of its system that allows the hardware to operate properly. Software can be system software or application software. System software includes the main operating system and a variety of other utilities that enable the computer and its applications to run. Application software includes the computer programs and relevant documentation responsible for end-user data processing tasks. This kind of software is developed for such tasks as word processing, payroll, inventory and production control.
A series of processes undertaken systematically to improve a business through using computerized information systems is what is known as software development. There are two major components to software development, which are systems analysis and design.
Systems analysis is the specification of what exactly the system is required to do, or the main objective. Design is about how to make the system do what is required of it. For system analysis, it is required to study the current system by certain procedures in order to gather and interpret data and facts, identify any problems and use this data to improve the system currently in use. System design refers to the process of developing a new system, concentrating heavily on the technical specifications and other specifications that make the system operations.
Software Development Life Cycle
Software Development Life Cycle, or SDLC, is a sequence of events done by designers, analysts and users to develop and execute an information system. There are a number of stages to this practice, which can overlap. The stages are Preliminary investigation (which is feasibility study), Determination of system requirements (which is analysis), Design of system, Development of software, System testing, System Implementation and System Maintenance in that order.
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The author of this article is Gabriel Adams
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Today the story is about the tool that help you translate the image file into the C source
code.This tool have an advantage in that when you want to show some picture to display on the LCD of
your embedded development platform, you must translate the picture file that you can normally see on
your computer to be the array of color code that will be represented the whole pixels of that picture file (
of course , the array of color code , you can’t see it).It is “BMP2C”.You can get this
program from SourceForge.net by follow this link http://sourceforge.net/projects/bmp2c/
This program is an opensource so you can modify it to suitable for your project, or continue to
develop it to be better than the current version.This program can be used with various LCD driver and can
generate the color data that represent the color of the pixel range up to 32 bits, but it don’t provide the lcd
driver program for you , so if you want to use it you have to write the code to control the LCD driver first.
The disadvantage of this program is that it is a command line program (no gui) however it also can
run on MS windows XP (For Windows Vista -> I don’t know) .You can easily run it by follow this step.
1. Click at the menu name “Run…” on the Start Menu of Windows XP.
2. Type the word “cmd” on the white blank and then press OK , this will open the command-line
program of Windows XP.
3. Go to the directory that you store the execute file of this program ( name “bmp2c.exe” ) and then run it.
4. follow the instruction , afterthis please follow the help document of this program by yourself
(the good document is already come with this program).
please note that this program can be used with the picture file extension “.bmp” only.
Hello, today I will present about the good source code browser & analyzer.
It is “Source Insight”.Source Insight is the program used for browse a big source code.
It can help you to easy jump to the definition of the symbols while you are currently
browsing the source code , this will help you save the time for find the value of that symbol by yourself.
(symbols are such as the variable,the function,constant variable,define directive,or
else that is the symbol in programming language)
It can look for the caller of the current function.Otherwise It can integrate with the
version control such as CVS or SVN by add the version control command to the source insight program.
For more information you can visit the website at www.sourceinsight.com. This program can browse and analysis a various langauge (such as C,C#,C++,JAVA,VHDL,etc).The current version for free Trial is 3.5 and you
can use it for free for 35 days.But if you like it and want to buy it, the price is $239
(for the hard copy,the price may increase more than this price).
Hi, My name is Jitkasem Pintaya. I am software engineer at NDRS.
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